Sebaceous Hyperplasia

This is a skin problem wherein an individual develops small yellowish pimple-like growth on the skin, normally on the face also known as Fordyce’s Spots.  This disorder is mostly experience by people in their middle ages and elderly people.  Approximately 10 -16% of people who are on a semi permanent use of ‘cyclosporine A’ for organ transplantations are effected by Sebaceous Hyperplasma. Only few cases, where lesions are formed during pubescence, and they may be single or in a group.

They are formed in areas where several oil secretors are present, like the nose, cheeks, forehead, chest, upper arms, vulval region, and around teats.

They consist of tiny, pain-free, whitish yellow colored bumps on the skin surface.

Oleaginous glands are highly sensitive to androgenic hormones, even though the number of these glands doesn’t change much; throughout a person’s lifetime, their function and size differ depending on the age and circulating internal secretion levels.

This disorder has many symptoms such as hickeys on the skin, especially on the forehead and cheeks, a ‘seborrhoeic’ skin infection, or acne.

People may choose treatments of Sebaceous Hyperplasma depending on the symptoms.  Applying “tretinoin” cream or jell on the effected area, would make the pimples disappear over time, and will also preclude further complications. Chemical peels, can also be used to treat the disorder but new hickeys will keep forming initially after the treatment. Blemishing or cover of a considerably larger area when the pimples are severe can also be done and oral Isotretinoin medicaments for treating the complications.

Photoradiation Therapy is one of the effective treatments, wherein the effected area is exactly targeted.  Light cauterization is another efficient way of getting rid of lesions. Skin hickeys can be removed by another treatment known as ‘laser vaporization’ and some skin specialists may recommend a major surgical operation, or the liquid nitrogen freezing procedure to bring the skin condition back to normal.

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