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How to treat Acne

Friday 13 March 2015

Acne, medically known as Acne Vulgaris, is a skin disease that involves the oil glands at the base of hair follicles. It commonly occurs during puberty when the sebaceous (oil) glands come to life – the glands are stimulated by male hormones produced by the adrenal glands of both males and females.

Acne is not dangerous, but can leave skin scars. Human skin has pores (tiny holes) which connect to oil glands located under the skin. The glands are connected to the pores via follicles – small canals. These glands produce Sebum, an oily liquid. The sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin. A small hair grows through the follicle out of the skin. Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked, resulting in an accumulation of oil under the skin.  Nearly 85% of people develop acne at some time between the ages of 12-25 years. Up to 20% of women develop mild acne.

The types of pimples

  • Whiteheads – remain under the skin and are very small
  • Blackheads – clearly visible, they are black and appear on the surface of the skin. Remember that a blackhead is not caused by dirt. Scrubbing your face vigorously when you see blackheads will not help
  • Papules – visible on the surface of the skin. They are small bumps, usually pink
  • Pustules – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus at the top
  • Nobules – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid pimples. They are painful and are embedded deep in the skin
  • Cysts – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are painful, and are filled with pus. Cysts can easily cause scars.

 

How to prevent making acne worse

  • Menstrual cycle – girls and women with acne tend to get it worse one or two weeks before their menstrual period arrives. This is probably due to hormonal changes that take place. Some people say they eat more chocolate during this time and wonder whether there may be a connection. However, experts believe the worsening acne is not due to chocolate, but rather to hormonal changes
  • Anxiety and stress – mental stress can affect your levels of some hormones, such as cortisol and adrenaline, which in turn can make acne worse. Again, stress can make some people binge-eat. Experts believe the culprits are most likely the hormone levels, rather than the binge-eating
  • Hot and humid climates – when it is hot and humid we sweat more. This can make the acne worse
  • Oil based makeups – moisturizing creams, lubricating lotions, and all makeup that contain oil can speed up the blocking of your pores
  • Greasy hair – some hair products are very greasy and might have the same effect as oil based makeup. Hair products with cocoa butter or coconut butter are examples
  • Squeezing the pimples – if you try to squeeze pimples your acne is more likely to get worse, plus you risk scarring.

 

Acne – Problem Skin

Your Accredited Lamelle Specialist or aesthetic medical doctor will prescribe a Lamelle acne treatment and associated products. This treatment protocol is designed to treat and prevent the excess sebum, dead skin cells and bacteria from clogging the pores and eventually leading to problematic skin. Lamelle’s highly active treatments have proven to be extremely successful in treating problematic skin due to innovative technology.

There are 4 primary factors, which contribute to the development of acne, they include:

  1. Overproduction of oil in the skin (sebum), under the influence of hormones.
  2. This, along with the insufficient shedding of exfoliated dead skin cells, blocks follicles.
  3. The blocked follicle can become inflamed and an increase in the growth of bacteria.
  4. The inflammation in the follicle due to the increase in bacteria results in the rupture of the follicle wall. This inflammation extends into lower layers of the skin causing an acne lesion.

 

Lamelle’s Answer

To address the four factors associated with acne Lamelle recommends:

  1. Suppressing sebum production caused by androgenic stimulation of the sebaceous glands.
  2. Normalise follicle turnover clearing obstruction in the pilo-sebaceous unit caused by the shedding of keratinocytes.
  3. Use anti-bacterial therapy to decrease the proliferation of the anaerobic bacteria
  4. Use anti-inflammatory therapy to treat inflammation resulting from the leakage of sebum into the dermis and the presence of pro-inflammatory mediators secreted by anaerobic bacteria

While most skincare ranges attempt to manage these factors with varying success; using Tea Tree Extract Tea tree oil and Azelaic Acid, commonly known for their antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory ability. However this is not sufficient and they often neglect to treat the effects that acne lesions leave behind, namely dark marks, scarring and skin dryness. These can now all be addressed in a single home treatment range from Lamelle.

The Clarity Range Offers The Following Benefits:

Lamelle Research Laboratories has incorporated specialised ingredients into The Clarity Range to address the four primary factors associated with acne:

  1. Overproduction of oil in the skin (sebum), under the influence of hormones.
  2. This, along with the insufficient shedding of exfoliated dead skin cells, blocks follicles.
  3. The blocked follicle can become inflamed and an increase in the growth of bacteria.
  4. The inflammation in the follicle due to the increase in bacteria results in the rupture of the follicle wall. This inflammation extends into lower layers of the skin causing an acne lesion.

Microneedling can improve the appearance of shallow, diffuse acne scarring along with improving all-over skin tone and texture. For very deep acne scars, we recommend combining microneedling with another treatment such as dermal fillers or laser resurfacing. In some cases, combining microneedling with a regimen of other procedures may give you the best results.

 

 

 

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