Stem Cells and PRP

PRP Skin Therapy and Acne Scars

PRP Skin Regeneration Therapy, a type of regenerative medicine with the patient’s own blood, uses components called platelets in the blood to rejuvenate the skin.

Based on an innate wound-healing ability, the therapy is performed by injecting components collected from the blood and is associated with no risk of allergy or infections. The safe therapy has been studied and applied in a variety of fields. It is indicated for a wide variety of conditions; it is used for the treatment of trauma and burn in the department of plastic surgery and also used as an adjunct to implant therapy in the department of dentistry.

Our clinics have introduced a new technology for extraction of platelet-rich plasma containing autologous white blood cells that has a PRP enrichment rate of about 6- to 10-fold (about three to five times higher than that for conventional one). It also contains white blood cells, which are not contained in conventional PRP. The therapy is found to have much greater efficacy in rejuvenating the skin, eliminating wrinkles, and reducing irregularities from acne marks compared with conventional therapy.

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Indications: Expected Effects in Cosmetic Medicine

PRP is particularly effective for crepy skin under the eyes (fine wrinkles) that are difficult to treat by conventional Rejuvenation Therapy. Inducing skin regeneration, the therapy is also effective in treating wrinkles, acne marks, sags and wrinkles on the neck.

Features of the Process Include:

1. Allowing the extraction of White Blood Cells not found in conventional PRP

2. The interaction between PRP and white blood cells results in the release of growth factors that potentiate the natural healing power and tissue reorganization potential at injection sites and subsequent regeneration of the skin.

3. In conventional therapy, it takes about two months for any benefit to be seen, although the time varies among individuals. New-PRP Skin Regeneration Therapy produces noticeable symptomatic improvement in a short period of about two weeks.

Comparison with Conventional Procedures

The PRP enrichment rate is three to five times higher than that for conventional procedures, and the time to benefit is reduced to one-fourth.

Mechanism of New-PRP Skin Regeneration Therapy

PRP Skin Regeneration Therapy uses components called platelets contained in the blood. Platelets play a role in stopping bleeding and repairing damaged blood vessels and cells in the body. Platelets contain substances called growth factors that activate and rejuvenate cells in the body. The growth factors, when released, induce the production of collagen and generation of new capillaries to rejuvenate the skin.

Precautions on How to Choose PRP Therapy

Many clinics now use what they call “autologous platelets” to eliminate wrinkles and treat acne marks. All those clinics claim “skin regeneration therapy with autologous platelets.” However, the efficacy of therapy differs substantially.

Important factors for greater efficacy include the concentration and component of platelets for injection. As described previously, skin regeneration with PRP is based on the mechanism that platelets release a variety of growth factors to promote tissue repair, angiogenesis, and collagen production for skin rejuvenation.

The efficacy is enhanced by improving the quality of platelets. Our clinics use a method of injecting platelet-rich plasma containing autologous white blood cells that is prepared by mixing enriched platelets (6 to 10 fold) collected from blood and an appropriate amount of white blood cells, which are rarely contained in common PRP. Our method is found to be highly effective in a range of symptoms.

Skin Rejuvenation with PRP

1. Injection of Platelet Component (PRP): The aged skin has less collagen, low elasticity, reduced amount of hyaluronic acid, and low ability to retain moisture.

2. Release of Growth Factors From Platelet Component (PRP) cell growth is activated, and collagen is produced.

3. Regeneration and Rejuvenation of Skin Tissue: Here Collagen is produced, and skin elasticity is improved. The ability to retain moisture is restored.

For separation of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), a dedicated kit called Fibrinet AGF is used. The use of a specific filter and a centrifuge achieves a high platelet recovery rate of 97% or more and allows preparation of plasma containing six to ten times as many platelets as the common one. This is a three step process:

Step 1: Collection of Blood

Step 2: Separation of Platelet Component – A specific filter and a centrifuge are used to prepare platelet-rich plasma (PRP) containing autologous white blood cells.

Step 3. Injection of Platelet Component – The platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with autologous white blood cells is injected into the area of concern. It takes about 30 to 40 minutes from blood collection to injection.

Platelets and white blood cells exert a synergistic effect, resulting in the release of a variety of growth factors at the injection sites. This promotes the production of collagen and hyaluronic acid and wound healing, leading to improvement of symptoms such as wrinkles and irregularities from acne marks.

Comparison of Conventional Anti-Aging Therapy

PRP Skin Regeneration Therapy is expected to provide great benefit for crepy skin under the eyes, which are difficult to treat with conventional rejuvenating injections and laser therapy. The therapy uses the patient’s own blood for rejuvenation and thus poses no risk of infection or allergy. It has the advantage of a longer duration of efficacy compared with injection of hyaluronic acid and collagen that are absorbed into the body. Other features such as no need for skin incision and short downtime (swelling usually resolves in two to three hours) make this therapy a safe treatment.

NOTE: When injection is performed under the eyes, redness may persist for two to three days but resolve over time.

Consult a physician about the best procedure, depending on the sites and conditions of your wrinkles and others symptoms.

Before and After

Another feature of the therapy is that the patient will experience a natural change in the operative site, as well as minimal discomfort as the beneficial effects gradually occur after about two weeks of therapy.

As simple as giving a tube of blood, this non–surgical treatment utilises patients own platelets and stem cells to promote “wound healing”. PRP can effectively improve the body’s natural collagen production, resulting in a more youthful appearance.

Neocel PRP kits are the only FDA approved stem cells harvesting kit in the world. The Wembley MediSpa in Cape Town is amongst the few clinics in South Africa to offer this world class treatment with a world class Doctor (90 – 120 mins).

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