Some individuals have a genetic predisposition to dry skin and as we age our skins tend to become drier. Dry skin has a very low level of sebum and can be prone to sensitivity. The skin has a parched look caused by its inability to retain moisture. It usually feels “tight” and uncomfortable after washing unless some type of moisturizer or skin cream is applied. Chapping and cracking are signs of extremely dry, dehydrated skin.
Dryness is exacerbated by wind, extremes of temperature and air-conditioning, all of which cause the skin to flake, chap and feel tight. This type of skin is tightly drawn over bones. It looks dull, especially on the cheeks and around the eyes. There may be tiny expression lines on these spots and at the comers of the mouth.
• The oil glands do not supply enough lubrication to the skin. As a result, the skin becomes dehydrated.
• Skin gets exposed to the elements especially in winter.
• Dry skin could be due to a genetic condition.
• Poor diet. Nutritional deficiencies, especially deficiencies of vitamin A and the B vitamins, can also contribute to dry skin.
• Environmental factors such as exposure to sun, wind, cold, chemicals, or cosmetics, or excessive bathing with harsh soaps.
• Conditions such as dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, or seborrhea.
• Dry Skin Could Also Be From:
•Dry skin can be a sign of an underactive thyroid.
• Certain drugs, including diuretics, antispasmodics, and antihistamines, can contribute to Dry Skin.
Treatment & Monitoring Dry Skin:
Avoid the use of tap water when cleansing Dry Skin. The deposits are too drying on the skin. And never, ever use hot water. Use mineral water to freshen your face. Don’t use a washcloth-a rough texture can irritate. In the morning, apply a spray of mineral water on your skin misted on with a plant sprayer. (Do not use a sprayer that had been used for spraying insecticides.) Lightly pat dry.
Dry skin needs plenty of thorough but gentle cleansing, regular stimulation with massage and generous quantities of oil and moisture. It also needs extra careful protection. Washing dry skin with soap and water not only removes grime but also the natural oils protecting the skin. A moisturizer increases the water content of the outer layers of the skin and gives it a soft, moist look.
Use non detergent, neutral-pH products to cleanse your skin. Avoid using any commercial soap. And always touch your face gently. Double-cleanse with a cream, leaving a light, thin trace of it on the skin after the second cleansing.
Follow a bath or a shower with a mild application of baby oil. Massage your face with home-made nourishing cream every night before retiring. Be generous with the cream in the areas surrounding the eyes where tiny lines and crows feet are born.
Avoid coming in contact with highly alkaline soaps and detergents like washing sodas and powders which contain highly alkaline and drying ingredients.
Moistening with water, then applying a thin film of air-excluding moisturizer, restores the suppleness of the dry skin.
Dry skin is treated the same way it is prevented and there are no side effects to treatments, unless an individual is allergic to moisturizers. Those should choose unscented or hypoallergenic moisturizers.
If dry skin is severe enough and remains untreated, it can lead to eczema.
It must be noted that Dry Skin is not contagious and poses no risk to others.