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Discussing pigmentation and liver spot treatment

Saturday 18 November 2017

Have you ever noticed brown spots on yours or someone you knows skin and wondered what the heck it was? Well it’s most likely a liver spot.

These dark spots on the skin are most commonly known as “age spots” or “liver spots”, but the scientific term is hyper pigmentation. The most common areas that age spots appear are on the face, back, arms, hands, and shoulders.

Identifying liver spots

For self-examination, look to see the following:

Brown circles appearing on the skin

There are no bumps on these spots

There is no irritation from these spots

The spots are generally no bigger than 3/4 of an inch in size

What causes age and liver spots?

Sun exposure

UV light speeds up the production of melanin, creating a tan, which helps protect deeper layers of skin from UV rays. Liver spots are caused when the melanin gathers in one area, or is produced in particularly high concentrations.

Hormones
Increase  in estrogen (from pregnancy or the contraceptive pill) could cause the muddy-looking brown marks, but it’s worth noting that hormones only make you more susceptible to this, and the brown marks still only appear after sun exposure.

Genetics
It’s also thought that genetics can play a part in liver spots, so even if you’ve been careful in the sun you may find them difficult to avoid.
Liver spots are common in people over 40, but younger people can get them too if their skin is over exposed to the sun.

Ways to prevent age spots that are caused by sun damage

  • Always use sunscreen even if you don’t burn easily
  • Avoid excessive tanning bed usage
  • Apply SPF sunscreen often to your more vulnerable areas
  • Use good skincare products to protect and keep your skin healthy

Treatments:

Chemical peels:

  • Glycolic Acid is the smallest molecule in the Alphy Hydroxy Acid (AHA) family. It absorbs easily in to the skin to exfoliate and increase cell turnover. Following skin preparation, Target Peels can be combined with one of 2 rejuvenating Glycolic Acid peels (20%, 35%) as tolerated which give great results – an immediate difference in skin texture.
  • Beta peel range is Salicylic Acid which has been placed in a self-neutralising base. It’s designed to create peeling of the skin and is focused on the treatment of pigmentation irregularities which include solar pigmentation, melasma and post inflammatory hyper-pigmentation conditions.

Laser – Limelight

An Award Winning light technology that harnesses the pigment destroying powers of multiple wavelengths to combat the visible signs of Sun Damage, Solar Lentiginous (Brown Spots), Telangiectasia (Broken Capillaries), Uneven Skin Texture and Laxity.

Fractional Laser

The Pearl procedure combines resurfacing lasers with gentle and safe non-invasive procedures to treat aging and sun-damaged skin. Pearl reduces fine wrinkles, uneven texture and sun damage with fewer treatments and less overall recovery than other technologies to provide a healthy, pearl-like glow.

During the procedure, the top layer of skin is treated with pulses of light in a pre-selected pattern. The laser simultaneously sends heat to the deeper layers of skin to provide longer-term benefits. A natural protective dressing forms on the skin to minimize downtime during the restorative process

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